February 12 1990 - February 6 1993
Dr Lawrence replaced Peter Dowding to become Australia's first women Premier.
Her parliamentary career began in 1986 when she won the seat of Subiaco that previously had been held by the Liberal Party for 27 years.
Dr Lawrence was born in 1948, one of a family of seven children raised in the small wheatbelt town of Morawa, north of Perth.
She graduated from the University of Western Australia as a Bachelor of Psychology with First Class Honours in 1968 and gained her Doctorate of Philosophy in 1983. She tutored and lectured at UWA before entering Parliament. She was a founding member of the Women's Electoral Lobby.
Her parliamentary career included the positions of Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Minister for Education.
Her government was defeated at the polls in 1993. Dr Lawrence then entered Federal politics by winning the seat of Fremantle where she was appointed Minister for Human Services and Health, and Minister assisting the Prime Minister for the Status of Women in 1994.
Dr Lawrence served as the member for Fremantle. She retired from parliament in November, 2007.