The constitutional laws of Western Australia provide for a Governor to represent the Sovereign as Head of State.(10)
The Governor's role includes important constitutional, ceremonial and community functions. In performing these functions the Governor is required to act in an entirely apolitical way.
Before the granting of self-government to Western Australia, governors were appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the United Kingdom Government. Since the Australia Acts the Governor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Premier and may only be dismissed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Premier. (11) The Governor is now no longer subject to the control, supervision or veto of the United Kingdom Government. Since the Australia Acts were passed by the Commonwealth Parliament (1985) and the Parliament of the United Kingdom (1986) at the request of all State Parliaments, the Governor acts on the advice of the Premier, Ministers and Executive Council.
The Governor's powers and functions are set out in the Letters Patent under which the Governor is appointed and the Constitution Act 1889. These include:
appointing Ministers, Judges, Magistrates and Justices of the Peace;
presiding over Executive Council;
fixing the time and place for each session of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council; and the proroguing and dissolving of the Legislative Assembly and proroguing the Legislative Council;
accepting the resignation of members of the Legislative Council;
appointing the President of the Legislative Council;
issuing writs for general elections; and
taking, or authorising some person to take, the oath or affirmation of allegiance from members of the Houses of Parliament.
The Governor also signs Treasury authorities for the appropriation of funds for the running of the State government. A vote, resolution or Bill for the spending of public money cannot be passed by the Western Australian Parliament unless the Governor 'sends a message' to the Legislative Assembly recommending it. (12) In each of these things the Governor acts on the advice of the Premier, Ministers and Executive Council.
All Bills passed by the Western Australian Parliament require the Governor's signature before they become law (that is, an Act) and the appointment of the most important officials in the public sector also require the formal approval of the Governor in Executive Council.
As well as the constitutional duties of the Governor, there are important community, ceremonial and promotional functions associated with the position, such as the opening of the Western Australian Parliament.