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According to Nelson (1997, 1), civic education includes schooling aimed at the maintenance and development of a society and a State. Citizenship education is schooling which has a focus on individual life in relation to society and the state. Schooling includes some form of teaching, and that presumes some form of teacher education.

This Report has a focus on citizenship and its contemporary interpretation in Western Australian schools. In particular, it provides a context in which to evaluate the policies and courses of the universities of Western Australia in relation to the preparation of teachers of civics and citizenship education for Western Australian schools. 

The author wishes to thank the Constitution Centre for the grant of funds which has enabled the writing of this report. The author hopes that the recommendations for greater clarity of the concept of citizen, as well as for the more effective implementation of citizenship education, can be accepted and acted upon by the Government.

The author would also like to acknowledge the generous assistance provided by the following:

Mr Glen Bennett

Ms Kerry Boyd

Mr Ron Day

Ms Geraldine Ditchburn

Ms Janice Dudley

Ms Di Gardiner

Mr Bill Hassell

Dr Bill Leadbetter

Dr Graeme Lock

Dr Wally Moroz

Associate Professor Harry Phillips

Ms Anne Roberts 

Ms Judith Robison

Dr Tom Wallace

Responsibility, of course, for the final report rests with the author.


Acknowledgement of Country

The Government of Western Australia acknowledges the traditional custodians throughout Western Australia and their continuing connection to the land, waters and community. We pay our respects to all members of the Aboriginal communities and their cultures; and to Elders both past and present.